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9 GIS courses oriented to the management of natural resources

The offer of online and face-to-face training in Geo-Engineering applications is abundant today. Among so many proposals that exist, today we want to present at least nine outstanding courses with a natural resources management approach, by three of the companies with interesting training offers. Higher Institute of Environment ...

MDT, A complete solution for Surveying and Engineering projects

With more than 15,000 users in 50 countries and available in Spanish, English, French and Portuguese among other languages, MDT is one of the Spanish-speaking origin applications most appreciated by companies engaged in geoengineering. APLITOP has four families of applications in its portfolio: topographic projects, field applications with total station ...

12.1 Geometric Restrictions

As we have just mentioned, geometric restrictions establish the geometric arrangement and relation of objects with respect to others. Let's see each one: 12.1.1 Coincidence This restriction forces the second selected object to coincide in some of its points with some point of the first object. As we move the object selector, Autocad is highlighting ...

CHAPTER 12: PARAMETRIC RESTRICTIONS

When we use a reference to endpoint objects, or center, for example, in reality what we are doing is forcing the new object to share a point of its geometry with another object already drawn. If we use a reference "Parallel" or "Perpendicular" the same thing happens, we are forcing the geometric disposition of the new object regarding ...

CHAPTER 11: POLAR TRACKING

Let's go back to the "Drawing Parameters" dialog box. The "Polar tracking" tab allows you to configure the feature of the same name. "Polar tracking", like the "Object reference tracking", generates dotted lines, but only when the cursor crosses the specified angle, or increases it, either from the coordinates of ...

CHAPTER 10: TRACKING OF REFERENCE TO OBJECTS

The "Object Reference Trace" is a valuable extension of the characteristics of the "Object Reference" to draw. Its function is to draw lines of temporary vectors that can be derived from existing "References to objects" to signal and obtain additional points during the execution of drawing commands. In other words, while ...

9.1 .X and .Y Dot Filters

References to objects such as "From", "Midpoint between 2 points" and "Extension" allow us to understand how Autocad can indicate points that do not exactly match the geometry of existing objects but that can be derived from it, idea that programmers have used to design another drawing tool called "Point Filters" that ...

CHAPTER 9: REFERENCE TO OBJECTS

Although we have already reviewed several techniques to draw with precision different objects, in practice, as our drawing acquires complexity, the new objects are usually created and always located in relation to the already drawn. That is, the elements already existing in our drawing give us geometric references for new objects. With…

8.5 Tables

With what we have seen so far, we know that "pulling" lines and creating text objects in a line is a task that can be done quickly and easily in Autocad. In fact it would be all that it would take to create tables easily and quickly, combining, for example, lines or polylines with text objects to create ...

8.4 Multiple Line Text

On many occasions, drawings require no more than one or two descriptive words. In some cases, however, the necessary notes can be of two or more paragraphs. Then, the use of text on a line is absolutely inoperative. Instead, we use multi-line text. This option is activated with the ...

8.3 Text Styles

A text style is simply the definition of various typographical features under a certain name. In Autocad we can create all the styles that we want in a drawing and then we can associate each text object with a specific style. A relative limitation of this procedure is that the created styles are saved together ...

8.2 Editing Text Objects

From the 16 chapter onwards we deal with issues that have to do with the edition of the drawing objects. However, we must see here the tools available for editing the text objects that we have just created, since their nature differs from that of other objects. As you will see ...

8.1.1 Fields in text

Text objects can include values ​​that depend on the drawing. This feature is called "Text Fields" and they have the advantage that the data they present depends on the characteristics of the objects or parameters to which they are associated, so they can be updated if they change. In other words,…

8.1 Text on a line

In many cases, the annotations of a drawing consist of one or two words. It is common to see architectural plans, for example, words like "Kitchen" or "North Facade". In situations like this, text on a line is easy to create and locate. For that, we can use the "Text" command or the button ...

CHAPTER 8: TEXT

Invariably, all the architectural, engineering or mechanical drawings must be added text. If it is an urban plan, for example, it may be necessary to add the names of the streets. The drawings of mechanical pieces usually have notes for the workshop and there will be others that, at least, contain the name ...

7.4 Transparency

As in the previous cases, we use the same procedure to establish the transparency of an object: we select it and then we establish the corresponding value of the group "Properties". However, it should be noted here that the transparency value can never be 100%, since it would become invisible to the object. As well…

7.3 Line thickness

The line thickness is just that, the width of the line of an object. And just as in the previous cases, we can modify the line thickness of an object with the drop-down list of the "Properties" group of the "Home" tab. We also have a dialog box to set the parameters of said ...

7.2.1 The Line Alphabet

Now, it is not about applying different types of lines to objects without any criteria. In fact, as you could see in the names and descriptions of the types of lines in the "Line Type Manager" window, many of the line types have very specific specific purposes in the ...