Colombia, with the support of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the World Bank, will be the host country of the "IV Annual Conference of the Inter-American Network of Cadastre and Land Registry"To be carried out in the city of Bogotá, on 3, 4 and 5 days of December of 2018.
Colombia is in the crosshairs of many exercises in land administration, not only because of the adoption of the Land Administration Domain Model standard, but also because in cartographic issues it has been a benchmark for a long time, beyond the South American context. Good practices from Colombia will surely serve to propose a methodology on how to adopt the ISO 19152 standard with less pain, possibly also to consolidate a physical model in the next version of LADM, which for now remains in a conceptual environment and only at the level of domain that makes it difficult for operators to construct methodologies without breaking basic principles of integrity; Good practices will help to model the appraisal aspect and part of the transactional scheme of the registry process. Of course, bad practices will be part of that learning that others do not want to pass.
Unlike the successful experiences of LADM since before it was a standard, as in the case of Honduras, Colombia is a more visible point of attention; As an example, it is the fourth most populous country in America (about 45 million), with a capital that is the fifth most populated city in America (almost 8 million inhabitants), only surpassed by Sao Paulo, Mexico, Lima and New York . Of course, with challenges very similar to the general context of Latin America in aspects such as reduction of transaction times / costs, integration of actors in the land administration value chain, rector of topography / surveying professionals, and inter-institutional integration with a vision of the country.
For now, I leave the agenda of the first day, which focuses on showing the condition and progress of Colombia:
9: 00 am to 9: 45 am Welcome Words
10: 00 am - 10: 15 am Presentation of Agenda and Work Methodology
Block I CATASTRO AND REGISTER SYSTEMS IN COLOMBIA
10: 15 am - 10: 55 am Context of the Cadastre and Registration Systems in Colombia
- IGAC - Evamaría Uribe - Director
- SNR - Rubén Silva Gómez - Superintendent
10: 55 - 11: 10 am Round of Questions from the audience
11: 10 - 11: 30 am Lessons learned from the Multipurpose Cadastre Pilots - Sebastian Restrepo - DNP
11: 30 am - 11: 45 am Round of Questions from the audience
Block II TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS
11: 45 - 12: 00 m Spatial Information Management - Juan Daniel Oviedo - Director DANE
12: 00 m - 12: 25 m Design and Implementation of the LADM Model - Golgi Alvarez - SECO Consultant
12: 25 - 12: 45 m Alternative and innovative technologies for Land Administration - Mathilde Molendjk - Kadaster Holland - Camilo Pardo - World Bank Consultant
12: 45 - 1: 00 pm - Round of Questions from the audience
BLOCK III SOCIAL ASPECTS
2: 00 pm - 2: 20 pm Ethnic aspects - Gabriel Tirado - DNP
2: 20 PM - 2: 30 PM Round Questions
2: 30 PM - 2: 50 PM Gender aspects - Eva María Rodríguez - Consultant
2: 50 PM - 3: 00 PM Round Questions
3: 00 PM - 3: 20 PM Topic Resolution of conflicts - Gonzalo Méndez Morales - Chamber of Commerce of Bogotá
3: 20 PM - 3: 30 PM Round of questions
At the end of the afternoon there is a day of recommendations for Colombia by the other participating countries.
Here you can see the agenda of the other two days, with a lower level of detail as described above.
The main objective of the Inter-American Cadastre and Land Registry Network, created in the 2015 year, is to promote the strengthening of the Cadastre and Land Registry Institutions of Latin America and the Caribbean as one of the tools of public administration with in order to contribute to the improvement of democratic governance and economic development. Since then, the Network has established itself as the only regional promotion space on the matter, managing to promote a regional political mandate without president in the 2018 called: Strengthening of the cadastre and registration of property in the Americas within the framework of the Resolution on Strengthening Democracy AG / RES. 2927 (XLVIII-O / 18)
The interconnection of information between the Cadastre and the Registry gives precision and certainty to real estate in its physical and legal aspects and guarantees the right of ownership, facilitating real estate traffic, consolidating legitimate rights and preventing conflicts.
It is also an effective mechanism against inequality and provides an infrastructure of geo-referenced data on the territory for a better informed approach for the generation of public policy and for the fulfillment of the objectives of sustainable development. Cadastre provides the physical reality of a property.
The Registry allows to know the legal reality through the registration of legal acts that refer to real estate that are fully identified.
The owner of a property right, guarantees the right that transmits, and gives the possibility of entering the property to the real estate market and obtain a fair price for the transmission. The acts and contracts that are celebrated in relation to real estate are taxed, which means an income for the State, income that will later be turned over to the different economic undertakings of the country. A chain of businesses enters into operation that both at a private and state level favor the country's economy, its development and investment not only from different acts of our country but also from foreign investors.
It also allows, with the efforts of several actors, to carry out land regularization, with the aim of improving the quality of life of residents, promoting physical and social integration into the urban environment. The aim is to reduce the problem, carrying out governmental policies aimed at reducing urban poverty; promoting changes in urban regulations and new institutional mechanisms in the housing sector and thus favoring the supply of urbanizable land, with low-cost housing, interacting with the public sector with the private sector, creating neighborhoods and thus achieving social integration.