Last week the webinar was developed showing the model of Multifinal Cadastre in municipalities.
For those who have missed it, here you can see it in deferred, and here you can download pdf of the presentation.
About the webinar cadastre
The webinar focuses on the approach methodology designed just for this project taking advantage of an interesting exercise called the municipalities' commune.
Basically a commonwealth is a voluntary association made by municipalities that share similar interests, such as a productive valley, a watershed, a water producing reserve, a logistic corridor, etc. This association leads them to acquire economic commitments to create an inter-municipal technical unit with which they hope to manage resources and take advantage of economies of scale to provide services that individually would be unsustainable.
About the cadastre project
In Honduras, they have existed since the nineties, but they take a lot of force with the support of aid workers with the new municipality law and Hurricane Mitch makes them perfect instances to channel resources without getting bogged down in the Quaternary sector (the central government). Thus, the law of municipalities identifies them as instances of a civil nature; with the right to legal status. Municipalities contribute a monthly amount of what the central government transfers to them; It varies from one to the other, but in general it goes above the 1,000 monthly dollars per municipality with what at least a technical unit coordinator, a civil engineer for the design and supervision of projects, and a technician for technical assistance in the field. administrative / financial area. Depending on the management of projects and number of municipalities are growing in the amount of services provided in environmental, social and public services.
The commonwealth is not a recognized figure in the political division, however it is recognized in administrative management; to the degree that you can request that the percentage committed by the municipalities be deducted from the transfer of these and be credited to your account. Even the challenge is strong, to standardize their roles and not turn them into a super-municipalities or a Non-Governmental Organization; rather an instance of strengthening the municipalities and providing improved services under economies of scale.
For this case, the commonwealth of municipalities of the Higuito River basin, in the west, houses 13 municipalities. He has come to show that for every dollar that municipalities contribute, 8 returns him in rendering services and project management.
To date, many cooperation programs agree that the Commonwealth is the guarantee of ideal sustainability for development processes in Honduras.
That was the scenario when our cadastre started in the 2007 year. So a proposal was built in which that myth was broken that the cadastre can only be done with external resources, and that it costs a lot of money to implement it.
Some policies were defined for the development of pilots and construction of the model, including:
- Sustainability based on the commonwealth. Municipalities were not attended by individual, considering that in Honduras more than 94% of municipalities are pooled, it was proposed that this be done, so that the commonwealth was a guarantor of sustainability, appropriating roles such as awareness, supervision and subsequent continuity. For this, the integration of a joint cadastre technician was defined, from the best that would result after a semester of cadastral survey. Equipment like Postprocessing GPS
or total station were not given to municipalities, but to the Commonwealth to optimize costs and enhance the provision of services, including the topography within the training area considering that the municipalities spent much money on topographic services that the Commonwealth could execute at much more costs low.
- Scalability in the multifinal concept. A list of instruments and processes necessary to demonstrate the application of the cadastre in tax, legal, land use and socioeconomic approaches was constructed. So the survey could serve many purposes but that the application evidence could be adopted in gradual processes, without blunting a municipality of limited resources with unnecessary issues or limit the municipality with better technical, economic or short-term conditions.
- The creation of a relay generation. The technicians who found specialization in tax cadastre and experience in municipalities, all painted gray and in many cases had resistance to the technological issue in digital mapping, GIS and use of new equipment; so he set out to create new resources with young graduates of baccalaureates in computer and social area. This new generation would be trained in municipal issues with the experience of the elderly but would appropriate the technological issue with less resistance to change.
- And a process of systematization of experiences and processes was developed to assure a management of knowledge that went beyond the project.
I must admit that many things were not as we thought, but now that we show the results to the Latin American context we are pleased to know that we have developed an innovative model that is working, and that could provide beyond the borders where it was designed.
Statistics of the seminar of the joint cadastre model
The webinar was developed using the MundoGEO platform, and in total 300 attendees were present; Here is a summary of those who participated:
A majority of the attendees have been South American (82%), Europeans an 7%, as well as North Americans, but in particular of Mexico and an 4% of Central America and the Caribbean.
If we value the type of professionals, the following graph is representative:
One third of the government sector, one 26% of private companies and one 16% of the municipal sector.
And in terms of training, an 93% was Engineering, 20% Cartography, 17% Cadastral and 10% Surveying. There was an 22% of other areas, such as economy, environment, forest sector ... among others.
Now there are challenges to share the model with other collaborators who do related work, as well as other countries that may be interested ... and many questions to answer that have come after the webinar.
Here you can see some materials product of systematization, and complementary videos for training.