III Exchange of Experiences of Cadastre, Registration and Land Tenure - First Impression

When the second, of the three days involved in the day framed in the South-South International Encounter initiative, in Granada, Nicaragua. Here my preliminary assessments.

Over the place

cadastre

Undoubtedly, for those who are not from Nicaragua, the experience of the environment is of high impact. The temperature and sweat to squirt out of the air conditioning is crazy, but the place is simply stunning.

Granada was founded in 1524 by Francisco Hernández de Córdoba. It is the oldest city in Nicaragua and one of the first cities in continental America. Unlike other towns that assert the same thing, the city of Granada was not only the settlement of the conquest, but also a city registered in the official records of the Crown of Aragon and the Kingdom of Castile in Spain.

The conditions of public safety, my respect. The few hours for nocturnal leisure, to suck more than the fingers. Romance for historical and cultural value, as for a very particular poetic article in my Leisure category.

The methodology and day

Very practical and functional as possible. Although more depends on the skill and cunning of the moderator. Interesting about the Open Spaces, in which you can share specific topics with those who join panels; although for the subjects that I have seen I have the impression that they become repetitive with respect to the previous ones.

cadastre

The form of lectures and forums is balanced, although somewhat tight to the times where there is not enough space for reflection or systematization -understood-. Surely it is complemented with the particular conversations, since the experiences are more than valuable, with participants from Guatemala, Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay, Macedonia, the United States and possibly a couple more than I forget now.

The first day wears out in routine presentations and multiple welcome in a country that clearly is protocolary to the presidential arena.

Of the magisterial talks; impeccable and rich in graphic richness the presentation by Diego Erba, «Importance of Cadastral Information in Regularization»; In addition to his good sense of humor, the conclusions he has given at the beginning are inspiring.

cadastre

Victor Endo has shown the experience on regularization at a global level.

Darío Gómez the Interrelation between Registry and Cadastre

On the first day the thematic axis has been the Regularization approaches, in this second day the Modernization and integration of the Registry and Cadastre and for tomorrow will be the monitoring and evaluation of land administration programs. Here will also be presentations as Voluntary Guidelines on Governance in Land Tenure in Latin America, by Javier Molina.

cadastre

Apparent weaknesses

Despite the richness of presentations and exchange, after attending two previous events, I can identify the following aspects that could improve:

  • A functional knowledge management is urgently needed. Few have any idea of ​​where the systematization of all shared experiences ends, how to access them, how to replicate them and how to feed back this knowledge; obviously in these contexts the democratization of knowledge is incipient at the level of public institutions.
  • There is still jealousy of knowledge. Some of the papers even seem to come to share only the positive experience, and more than one, making visible the particular success of the country, project or even private consultant. Although from the first here you can see improvement in this aspect.
  • Wealth of knowledge, poverty in decisions. Even navigation through the branches is detected, in terms of technology, procedures, possible magic recipes and that feeling that what served another may be useful to me "but your case is different". It is still questionable if the problem is really understood at its origin. ALL registration problems in this context are the same, ALL cadastral problems in this context are the same; the variants are accessory, but the problem is the same. Of course, the solution is particular to each country and they have disparate levels of progress, but I do not see a conclusive view on solution principles that are EXACTLY the same and do not involve reinvention of the wheel.
  • There is no final scenario model. I see disparate visions of what the final product is. I think there are no conclusive papers, many of which could be taken from the forums at the end of the events. Aspects such as:
    -The registration, cadastre and its integration are not ends, they are only means to promote the development and welfare of the end user.
    -The most modern technologies are not urgent, the standardization of procedures (even paper) are.
    -Registration modernization can be done as a maquila and is relatively easy; The availability of a system and change of culture in the users for the continuous operation is the challenge in which it is necessary to invest.
    -The registration-cadastre integration could not occupy change of legislation, even procedural. But there are international trends that must be reconsidered or at least be prepared with aggressiveness, such as: Consolidation towards a standardizing entity as an umbrella, the collection of basic data by local governments, updating by users in exchange of incentives like a discount in the payment of taxes, the integration of international standards for administration of property rights.

For our part, an acknowledgment to the Supreme Court and Attorney's Office of the Republic of Comandante Ortega, for the organization and warmth of the event. To the participants, congratulations for having been selected to arrive here, gratitude for having shared so much knowledge in the different spaces. To the World Bank and FAO, bravo! for promoting this step for the sustainable management of knowledge; but also the challenge for the next steps to avoid the simple formulation of new phases to continue doing more of the same.

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